Woe to any author who mixes names or locations.
Artichokes Food historians confirm artichokes descended from their wild cousins cardoons. While the wild variety was consumed in ancient times, modern artichokes, as we know them today, first surface during the Medieval ages. These "Old World" vegetables were introduced to America by European settlers.
Jerusalem artichokesa "New World" food related to sunflowers, are a completely unrelated vegetable. Chinese artichokes aka Japanese artichokes are completely unrelated. What are artichokes and how long have we been eating them? This is fortunate, because there is confusion enough created by the numerous varities of the globe artichoke grown around the world.
The artichoke appears to have originated in North Africa where it still exists in a wild state. It subsequently became a wild thistle in Sicily, where its bitter leaves as well as its flower heads were gathered for food. The Greeks and Romans began its cultivation. Cambridge]Volume Two p.
The cultivated globe artichoke is an improved form of the wild cardoon The true artichoke may have evolved originally in N. Africa, although some have suggested Sicily as its birthplace. It is first mentioned as being brought from Naples to Florence in In Italy, the very young wholly edible buds have long been eaten just as those of the cardoon were in classical times.
They may be deep fried Carciofini alla Giudea or pickled. At a slightly later stage, but before they bracts become really tough, the heads may be stuffed; this is a popular dish in Arabic cuisine, which strongly favors the stuffing of vegetables.
Sometimes the young stems and leaf midribs are cooked and served like any other stem vegetable. After the artichoke became established, it enjoyed a vogue in European courts, and had a reputation as an aphrodisiac.
In modern times it has become more commonplace, and is relatively cheap in S. Europe, where it thrives The British do note eat artichokes much. Nor are they generally popular in the USA, although they are grown in California and commonly eaten wherever French influence persists, as in Louisiana.
Gros Vert de Laon In antiquity, its bitter leaves as well as its flower-heads were eaten. The plant seems to have reached Sicily from North Africa, where it is still found in the wild state.
Poor people there pick the thistle they call korchef to enrich the sauce for their couscous. This kind of thistle was also the ancestor of the cardoon, a specialty of Provence and part of the traditional Christmas supper there The Italians make an apertif from artichokes which is good for bile, but the principal use resides in the bitter leaves, from which a medicament is also extracted.
New York] p. Cardoons are wild thistles with sharp prickles on the ends of the leaves. Ancient people familiar with these plants consumed the last flower buds in salads, stews, and soups.
They were highly esteemed in Tudor Englnad, and the British exported them to other parts of Europe.Information processing: Information processing, the acquisition, recording, organization, retrieval, display, and dissemination of information. In recent years, the term has often been applied to computer-based operations specifically.
Learn more about the elements of information processing in this article. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. part II.
by Thomas Váczy Hightower. Standing waves. In the first part of The Sound of Silence we have mainly investigated the broaden concept of motion, the pendulum and its strange behavior at the quantum level. Now we will explore other meta physical aspects of music and sounds.
Standing waves is an essential phenomenon in the creation of the musical tone. The Shang Dynasty (c BCE) was the second dynasty of China which succeeded the Xia Dynasty (c. BCE) after the overthrow of the Xia tyrant Jie by the Shang leader, webkandii.com many historians question whether the Xia Dynasty really existed, the Shang Dynasty may have actually been the first in China and the origin of what has come to be recognized as Chinese culture.
Ao 鳌 áo The standing of women in China Culture Attitudes to women have varied greatly in China over the centuries. The traditional subservient position of women in society has only really changed in the last sixty years. Our section describes the role of women down the centuries including the role of concubines and how some Imperial women bucked the trend.
Calendar - Ancient and religious calendar systems: The lunisolar calendar, in which months are lunar but years are solar—that is, are brought into line with the course of the Sun—was used in the early civilizations of the whole Middle East, except Egypt, and in Greece. The formula was probably invented in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium bce.