When it comes to gun violence against women, the United States is the most dangerous country in the developed world.
Protecting women against gender-based violence is a human rights issue often overlooked globally. In Latin America, the laws exist to protect women, but those laws are often not uniformly implemented, and there is often a lack of political will to fully comply with the law and international obligations.
But international commitments have not always translated into the effective application of the spirit of the law or the law itself to effectively stop violence against women. Around the world, as in Latin America, the rate of femicide is stubbornly high.
Dowry deaths are responsible for the murders of thousands of women every year, especially in South Asia. Between and there were an estimated 24, dowry deaths in India.
Femicide includes any kind of domestic violence that ends in death, rape that ends in murder, honor killings, and any other murder where the victim’s gender is a factor in her death. In response to the presentation of this report sixty four states issued a statement that member states “must exercise due diligence to prevent, investigate, prosecute and punish the perpetrators”. the issue of femicide in the united states of america essays. and research papers ECATEPEC. Y an analysis of white tigers A () Violence in America: a survey of suicide linked to homicides Journal of Forensic Sciences.
The Global Burden of Armed Violence database shows that between andon average, 60, women were killed violently around the world. Globally, El Salvador and Honduras stand out with rates of more than 10 female homicides perwomen. The level of violence affecting women in El Salvador and Honduras exceeds the combined rate of male and female homicides in some of the 40 countries with the highest murder rates in the world, such as Ecuador, Nicaragua and Tanzania.
However due to data limitations, the ECLAC numbers do not include Brazil, a country with one of the worst records of gender-based violence. Innine countries in Latin America had special legislation on femicide.
By16 countries in Latin America had modified their laws to include a specific type of crime referring to the murder of women.
In Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, and Peru femicide is codified as a crime, carrying with it varying prison sentences; in Argentina and Venezuela the crime is considered aggravated homicide, and the Dominican Republican still has no specific criminal category for gender-based violence.
The Dominican Republic still has no specific criminal category for gender-based violence. Much of the data that is collected on homicides is not disaggregated by sex, which results in many murders of women not accounted for, especially in armed conflict and in poverty-stricken areas.
Nevertheless, there have been recent improvements in the collection and availability of data on femicide. Since more than countries have conducted at least one survey addressing the issue. The UN Women Model Protocol is a tool to assist police, courts, officials in the justice departments and forensic doctors to properly investigate femicide.
Historically, in Latin America and around the world, hate crimes against women and their investigations and prosecutions have not followed specific protocols. Activists have argued that the lack of consistent, internationally prescribed definitions, standards and procedures have contributed to the persistence of high femicide rates.
Mischaracterization of femicide also abounds. In countries like Chile or Nicaragua, the murders of women—which are considered femicides in places like Colombia—are not defined similarly if, for example, the victim has no relationship to the perpetrator.
Mexico has also been vague on what the law defines as femicide. For example, the state of Chihuahua does not count the killing of women through extreme violence differently than other murders.
Also, to be counted as a femicide in the state of Mexico the victim must show signs of sexual assault or mutilation or have experienced a history of abuse.
Countries suffering from narcotics trafficking and high rates of crime, such as El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico, also suffer from impunity and often a culture of machismo. For example, in Mexico, the Femicide Observatory, a coalition of 43 groups that document crimes affecting women, found that only 16 percent of female homicides in and were classified as femicides—and just 1.
The Organization of Salvadoran Women for Peace ORMUSA in El Salvador found that in 12 percent of the cases of violence against women reported, the perpetrators were usually the judges, prosecutors, lawyers, and police officers in the communities in question.
Although the El Salvadoran Congress passed a set of framework laws in to counter violence against women, progress has been slow.
One law, known as the Comprehensive Special Law for a Life without Violence for Women and spearheaded by advocacy groups, helped to institute 11 local gender units to provide attention to victims of violence.
Although the efforts have brought success in pinpointing high-risk areas, codes of silence in communities and intimidation are endemic. But there have been advances. Conclusions Laws and practices to convict perpetrators of femicide are still extremely weak in Latin America and the patriarchal system of inequality and social exclusion remains high in areas of high concentration of poverty and in conflict zones.
Although countries have enacted laws to address violence against women and proper criminal procedures for the murder of women, implementation is still spotty, with few international organizations vested with the resources and authority to properly oversee the effort.Since the s, the rates of femicide in the United States has fluctuated between – deaths per less than , women .
One of the largest predictors of femicide in the United States is the appearance of physical abuse, which was found in 79% of all femicide cases in North Carolina. . UN Women’s goal was to support the countries that adopted the protocol to develop specialized legislation on femicide—specifically to properly investigate and punish all forms of violence against women.
In , nine countries in Latin America had special legislation on femicide. Femicide includes any kind of domestic violence that ends in death, rape that ends in murder, honor killings, and any other murder where the victim’s gender is a factor in her death. Protecting women against gender-based violence is a human rights issue often overlooked globally.
In Latin America, the laws exist to protect women, but those laws are often not uniformly implemented, and there is often a lack of political will to fully comply with the law and international obligations.
Bottom Line: When it comes to gun violence against women, the United States is the most dangerous country in the developed world.
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The United States Has A Femicide Problem America is a big.