Largely written by middle-class writers, the novels highlight poverty, dirt, disease, and industrial abuses such as sweated labor, child workers, and factory accidents; however, they also exhibit anxiety about working-class irreligion and a fear of potentially violent collective action, such as Chartism and trade unionism. No consensus exists on the works that should be included in the genre.
The colonial discourse that is established throughout Victorian literature formulates the concept of the alternate self or other. Both Great Expectations and Jane Eyre contain colonial subtexts and to some extent further shape significant aspects of the cultural discourse of the British Empire.
Furthermore Jane Eyre and Great Expectations, both derive significantly from the imperial discourse in their stereotypical ways of representing the non-Western world.
To what extent do Bronte and Dickens novels rely on colonial subtext to represent the non-Western world? How fast would you like to get it? We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. Bronte uses the character of Bertha Mason, who is a Creole by birth, as a vehicle for a colonial encounter in the novel.
The figure of the Creole is utilized by Bronte solely to illustrate how colonial ventures brought the Creole into being. Bertha Mason is a product of colonial ventures; she is a commodity of curiosity, the racial other as it were. Bertha Mason, whose racial origins remain vague, is a character constructed and fashioned under these conditions.
Her racial impurity is seen as an infection to which her insanity is attributed.
In Jane Eyre, this meeting of people and divergent cultures as characterized by the marital union of Rochester and Bertha is negotiated and guided by colonial and commercial interests, and does not result in an amalgamation of races and cultures.
Instead these racial and cultural differences are used to broaden and strengthen colonial constructions and to indicate the alternate of self and other.
Consequently in Jane Eyre, the savage other of the colonial discourse is embodied by a Creole, a figure that has been brought into being by the hierarchical and dictatorial development of commercial colonization. Bronte tends to rely on the Manichean allegory of the colonial discourse in the representation of Bertha Mason.
Further, by evoking the Manichean allegory of the colonial discourse Bronte is able to achieve a superior subjectivity for the Western woman.
The figure of the white female subject is typified in Jane who is positioned as the antithesis of Bertha, the racial object other.
In contrast to Jane who is given a human form Bertha is dehumanized: Bronte keeps Bertha shackled to her racial identity, and the colonial stereotypes that it evokes.
The epithets of colonial territories in both Great Expectations and Jane Eyre correspond well to the stereotypical representations of native lands in the Oriental discourse, as vacant, intimidating spaces devoid of any familiar markers of humanity and civilization, which is yet another means of rationalizing colonial rule.
However, in both the novels the significance of these colonies as a main source of affluence to England is underlined. Which supply Jane with a capability to free herself from the restricted employment opportunities available to the impoverished genteel Victorian woman.
A handsome fortune of thirty thousand pounds that the marital union with Bertha would entitle him to, is the foundation of their arranged marriage.
Equally Magwitch, in Great Expectations, is facilitated by the wealth he amassed in Australia to make a gentleman out of Pip. The attitudes taken up by both the novelists propose that colonial territories are regarded as a vast, inexhaustible source of wealth which has supplied continuous short bursts of wealth in the colonial centre.
Both novels unintentionally, perhaps, unveil the forceful economic exploitation of the colonies which lay obscured behind the veneer of the civilizing mission.
In Great Expectations London is shown as the imperial centre to which all the wealth from colonies floods in through the river Thames. The novel present a vivid and somewhat realistic image of the river Thames at the heyday of empire, congested with ships and boats, indicating the degree of travel and trade we had with the Orient.
Pip and Herbert both whom are busy in the imperial venture as businessman, of a shipping company, show a non- western world the ingenuity and intervention of so many British gentlemen. Great Expectations therefore ends in a note which indicates that Dickens endorses the colonial mission.
His homecoming to London only warrant him capital punishment from the State. Both novelists in no uncertain terms attempt to radically revise the stereotypes or explore the colonial realism they are content with taking the assumed constructs of colonial discourse.
As Said has stated, culture and the aesthetic forms it contains derive from historical experience and the individual writings of the Victorian era are very much a part of this relationship between culture and empire.
Janmohamed, The Economy of Manichean Allegory: In Subjects and Citizens:- Mystery in Charlotte Bronte's "Napoleon and the Spectre" and Charles Dickens' "Signalman" The two stories that I have been studying are 'Napoleon and the Spectre' and the 'Signalman' written by Charlotte Bronte and Charles Dickens respectively.
Marriage and class is a subject that both Bronte and Dickens speak of.
They both believe that the English tradition of marrying for money and status were absurd and that marrying for love was the true way to happieness. This is exhibited in many examples in Oliver Twist.
Dickens’ story depicts the suffering of victims, especially women, for whom we feel great sympathy. The underdogs include Sissy and his poor father Mr.
Jupe, the unhappy Blackpool and Mrs Pegler. Rachael is romantically attached to Blackpool and spends sleepless night to be with him, but it is an irony of fate that she has to serve Stephen’s sick wife in impoverished lodgings. Great Expectations Charles Dickens Great Expectations is a book by Charles Dickens completed in Great Expectations literature essays are academic essays for citation.
Class and Dialect in Charles Dickens’ The Pickwick Papers, authors of the Victorian literature include Charles Dickens, George Eliot, and Emily Bronte. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to outline a comparative analysis in the relationship exhibited between class and Wuthering Heights.
Class and Dialect in Charles Dickens. The Colonial Subtext in Bronte’s Jane Eyre and Dickens’ Great Expectations “It should not be possible to read nineteenth-century British literature, without remembering that imperialism, understood as England’s social mission, was a crucial part of the cultural representation of .