IT has been said that human history never has been and never can be written. Let this sentiment here apply. The history of Clarion county's soldiers never has been written, and it never can be written in such a manner as justly to pass down to future generations all that was done by them worthy of emulation, or deserving of condemnation. Every community has a history; which history, if written, would not all be clean, honest, noble, and inspiring.
To this Major Anderson replied with three of his barbette guns. Fort SumterFort Sumter, a symbolic outpost of Union authority near Charleston, South Carolina, in the heart of the emergent Confederacy, bombarded by onshore batteries in the first battle of the American Civil War.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. As the sesquicentennial of the Civil War began in with the commemoration of the outbreak of hostilities, the war was still seen by many as the central event of American history.
The centennial of the War Between the States, coming during the Cold War in the s, at a time that seemed to demand patriotic consensus, was still remembered by many as the tragic clash of brother against brother.
That, however, was also at the height of the civil rights movementand the view of the war as a fight for emancipation was paramount for many others. Boy in Union army uniform, photograph by Robert W. African American troops liberating slaves in North Carolina, In addition to drums and guns, Drum-Taps and photo shoots are considered here.
The war-related poetry of Walt Whitman and others is examined, along with the patriotic songs of the period, as well as the visual art and photography of the war. The Civil War was the first major conflict to be documented by the then new art of photography, and arresting images of the war are presented in collections of work by Mathew Brady and other famous photographers.
There is also a timeline that chronicles not just the major events of the war but those of American history leading up to it, especially those relating to slavery. Gods and generals Command problems plagued both sides in the Civil War.
Of the two rival commanders in chief, most people in thought Jefferson Davis to be abler than Abraham Lincoln. Franklin Pierceand a U. House of Representatives—could boast of only a brief period of military service in the Black Hawk War, in which he did not perform well.
Abraham Lincoln, February 5,photograph by Alexander Gardner. As president and commander in chief of the Confederate forces, Davis revealed many fine qualities, including patience, courage, dignity, restraint, firmness, energy, determination, and honesty; but he was flawed by his excessive pride, hypersensitivity to criticism, and inability to delegate minor details to his subordinates.
To a large extent Davis was his own secretary of war, although five different men served in that post during the lifetime of the Confederacy.
Davis himself also filled the position of general in chief of the Confederate armies until he named Robert E. Lee to that position on February 6,when the Confederacy was near collapse. In naval affairs—an area about which he knew little—the Confederate president seldom intervened directly, allowing the competent secretary of the navy, Stephen Mallory, to handle the Southern naval buildup and operations on the water.
Lee seated on the porch of his home in Richmond, Va. George Washington Custis Lee and Col. Walter Taylor, Aprilphotograph by Mathew Brady.
Confronted by Copperhead opposition and by dissension within his cabinet, U. To the astonishment of many, Lincoln grew in stature with time and experience, and by he had become a consummate war director.
But he had much to learn at first, especially in strategic and tactical matters and in his choices of army commanders. With an ineffective first secretary of war— Simon Cameron —Lincoln unhesitatingly insinuated himself directly into the planning of military movements.
Stantonappointed to the secretaryship on January 20,was equally untutored in military affairs, but he was fully as active a participant as his superior.
Winfield Scott was the Federal general in chief when Lincoln took office. The year-old Scott—a hero of the War of and the Mexican-American War—was a magnificent and distinguished soldier whose mind was still keen, but he was physically incapacitated and had to be retired from the service on November 1, Scott was replaced by young George B.
McClellanan able and imaginative general in chief but one who had difficulty establishing harmonious and effective relations with Lincoln. Because of this and because he had to campaign with his own Army of the Potomac, McClellan was relieved as general in chief on March 11, He was eventually succeeded on July 11 by the limited Henry W.
Halleckwho held the position until replaced by Ulysses S.Civil War term papers begin at the dawn of the Civil War, when citizens on both sides expected that the war would be over by Christmas.
That seems to be a common false expectation in every war.
That seems to be a common false expectation in every war. Civil war term papers usually focus on the cause and effect of civil war as there were several causes behind the civil war.
Most scholars agree with the fact that greed vs . This page offers a glossary of Civil War terms. Civil War vocabulary and commonly used Civil War terms. Women in the Ranks: Concealed Identities in Civil War Era North Carolina. T he August 19, issue of the Weekly Enquirer of Columbus, Georgia printed the following under a column titled "The Female Volunteer".
In calling the roll of a regiment of conscripts who had just entered the camp of instruction at Raleigh, N.C., last week, one more "man" was present than called for by the list.
Category: Civil War Term Papers In my previous blog post How NOT to write a term paper on the Civil War I suggested that you narrow the focus of your Civil War term paper in order to have a topic that is more manageable. Many weapons were used in the The Civil War from knives to swords along with a variety of firearms, including rifles, pistols, muskets, and repeating weapons.
Also widely used was artillery including cannons. Some of the new weapon technologies used in the civil war include rifled gun barrels, the.